Often a well landscaped property can turn into a perpetual wet swamp without the proper drainage system. A good designer will analyze the nature of your property – including soil type, water table levels, and topography – in order to make the best decisions regarding water management. There are many different reasons for drainage problems, and because each property is unique, solutions may vary:
- SURFACE WATER: It is not a surprise that clay soils cause many surface water problems. This is where grading is very important. Often a property is not graded properly to allow the excess surface water to flow down the sideyard to the curb or storm drain. A designer may utilize a new drainage plan; one that includes new grading or installing a French drain System. A trench is dug to a proper depth and filled with gravel and possibly a perforated drain line. Soil is then replaced and grading is added to carry excess water through the drain instead of gathering on the surface.
- HARDPAN: Often an entire yard can suffer from poor drainage or standing water. This is typically too large for spot drainage systems. A more extensive grading and drainage plan may be required; consisting of underground pipes fed by drop inlets or trench drains. Often a sump is installed where a large hole is dug and packed with gravel. During times of high rainfall, water stands in the hole until it drains away.
- HIGH WATER TABLE: Low-lying areas with a high water table can make landscaping a real challenge. Often plant roots quickly rot due to water saturation, which causes a lack of oxygen. The choice of landscape plants should include plants that are adapted to wet conditions. Another solution is to raise the planting areas. Raised planters can be shallow for smaller shrubs and perennials, but the size will greatly increase for trees and large shrubs. The root crown must be kept high and dry, commanding a much larger planting area. Legacy Outdoor Services professionals can assess your water issues and make suggestions regarding the best course of action. Call (256) 682-9475 for your free estimate.